What are diabetic insoles?
Diabetic insoles are specially made shoe liners that protect the feet from ulceration, pressure sores and callouses. They are multilayered, multi-density devices that have been heat molded to a plaster cast of the foot.
Unlike anything store bought insoles, diabetic insoles are shaped to the contours of the individual’s foot. In the office, a cast of the patient’s foot is taken. From this cast, a plaster mold of the foot is made. The diabetic insole is then formed and shaped to this mold. The resulting diabetic insole will have bumps and curves to match the shape of the patient’s foot. They accommodate bunions, cushion bony prominences and relieve pressure from calloused areas. In some cases the diabetic insoles are reinforced to offer support to the arch of the foot.
Why are diabetic insoles necessary?
Complications from diabetes can make the feet vulnerable to a host of issues, including amputation. Diabetics with peripheral vascular disease or neuropathy are at greater risk for ulceration, infection, and the need for hospitalization from a foot infection. Major problems can develop out of what originally looks like an innocent callous or blister.
Proper footgear, which includes custom insoles, can mean the difference between healthy, fully functioning feet and amputation. Sounds scary, but for some, a simple diabetic insole will keep the foot healthy and the skin intact.
Of course, regular visits with your doctor, adherence to medication and diet regimens are key in maintaining foot health. Having a podiatrist examine the feet and note any areas of concern can head off issues before they have a chance to develop.
How long do the diabetic insoles last?
Due to their cushioning, conforming nature, diabetic insoles are made to last only three to four months. The act as a buffer between the foot and the ground. In a sense, they absorb the wear and tear that would be transferred to the feet in their absence and must wear out to do their job correctly.
Typically, three pairs of diabetic insoles are dispensed at a time, each pair intended to be replaced after four months. During the year, the patient should check in with their podiatrist to have the insoles evaluated to make sure that they are offloading and the protecting the feet properly.
People’s feet can change in shape and size over time. Bunions can get larger, hammertoes can curl more, and arches can fall. Therefore, the foot should be recasted each year’s new set of diabetic insoles.
Are they just for diabetic patients?
These insoles provide comfort for anyone with bony, calloused feet, even if they are not diabetic. Their cushioning nature makes these insoles prefect for people with rigid cavus feet, people with fat pad atrophy, people who have been diagnosed with metatarsalgia, and people with severe callouses.
How long does it take to make the diabetic insoles?
Getting diabetic insoles does not have to be a lengthy process. At Ace Feet, patients typically receive their insoles within two weeks of the initial foot examination and evaluation. Our process always includes a follow up visit to ensure good fit and happy feet!